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什么动词后面跟的动词要加ing形式?
来源:优异网    编辑:Stone    发表日期:2018-07-18收藏文档
1.只能用不定式作宾语,如 afford, agree, decide, decline, fail, hope, offer, pretend, promise, refuse, wish 等.
2.只能用 -ing形式宾语,如 admit, avoid, consider, deny, delay, enjoy, finish, imagine, mind, practise, risk, suggest 以及 put off, give up 等.
3.既能用不定式又能 -ing形式.如 begin, start, like, prefer, remember, regret, need, try, mean 等.
对于第3种情况中的许多动词, 用两种形式还有一定的差别.
⑴ begin, start, continue 等, 用两种形式一般没有明显区别.
⑵ like, love, prefer, hate 等, 用不定式和 -ing形式通常也没有区别.但是对于 would like, would love, would prefer, 就只能用不定式.
⑶ remember, forget, regret, 不定式表示将来, -ing形式表示过去.(regret to do“遗憾地…”;regret doing“后悔做了”)
⑷ need, want, require, 用 -ing的主动形式相当于不定式的被动形式.(need doing = need to be done)
⑸ stop, go on.stop doing “停止正在做的事情”;stop to do“停下来, 去做另一件事”(这里 stop 是不及物动词, 不定式是目的状语).go on doing “继续做先前在做的事”, = continue doing = continue to do;go on to do“接着去做另一件事”.
⑹ try to do“尽力做”;try doing“试着做”.
⑺ mean to do“打算做”, = intend to do;mean doing“意味着…”.
⑻ help to do“帮忙做某事”;cannot help doing“忍不住…”.
另外, 对于 allow, permit, advise, forbid, 其宾语用 -ing形式, 宾语补足语用不定式.allow doing, allow sb to do, etc